Hand embroidery

Types of embroidery: an overview of the variety of handmade art

In this article we offer an introduction to the different types of embroidery that exist.

We shall see how widespread and well known all crafts are, and especially of the kind of national creations around the world.

smooth; smooth




machine embroidery

Popular types and methods of embroidery

Since ancient times, embroidery has been used to decorate clothes, bed linen, towels and tablecloths. All you need is a needle, thread and a base of suitable thickness.

Cross and half-cross

This type of embroidery does not require any special skills. But they do require special needles: blunt, and preferably oval, gold-plated eye. you can embroider
or wool, linen or special linen, linen. Use mouliné to decorate clothes, bags, bed linen and embroidered pictures.


It is also called delicate harmony embroidery. Richelieu requires patience, care and perseverance. It requires warp-free fabrics and special needles. The hand embroidery technique is used on collars, blouses and bed linen. The kind of netting through which the edges of napkins, tablecloths, bed linen are worked. Requires a dense fabric with stretched yarns in one direction. The remaining yarns are mounted in different patterns. This is the so-called "counting embroidery", in which it is necessary to count the number of threads involved. It is possible to create embroidery for clothes and room decorations. The embroidery machine is pre-programmed and you just have to select your favourite genres.

Lesser known types of embroidery

diamond embroidery


Soutache embroidery



"Buti (butis)

It is more like a mosaic. For this kind of embroidery you will need tweezers, rulers, a ready-made set of 'lozenges' and tablecloths, which can be purchased at almost any sewing shop.
bright and memorable. Products made in this technique impress with the beauty of the embroidery. A diamond picture will adorn any interior.

Nitcography or Eason

The thread pattern is made on cardboard, velvet paper. Postcards, paintings and jewellery boxes made with this technique are unusual and beautiful.

Soutache embroidery

To make stitchwork jewellery, you will need a flat stone, felt, beads or beads, cord, needles and thread. The hangings and decorations made with this technique are original and unique. The stitch base is rococo: the thread is wound tightly around a fine needle and gently tautened to create a twisted stitch.


This embroidery came to us from Italy. The secret of the extraordinarily beautiful curtains, canopies and capes is the endlessly repeating patterns embroidered in straight stitches and arranged parallel to one another.


The original embroidery technique, in which only squares, rhombi or rectangles can be used, is expressed in the strict form of their vision of the world.


monochrome embroidery

embroidery trench

black embroidery

Brazilian embroidery monochrome embroidery

Using only one coloured fibre, but of different thicknesses or diluting several basic shades can give you a clear and vibrant image. The embroidery is done in black, on thin threads of white or light coloured fabric the pattern is not completely filled in. The combination of black and white pieces gives an amazing effect.

Stitching embroidery

The openwork embroidery technique is based on filling in a mesh pattern. Sew like lace. Ribbon stitch embroidery is used in the decoration of clothes, bed linen, tablecloths. Usually a lot of work is repeated to sew a square. Stitching is quite varied: large and small, white and coloured.

Brazilian embroidery

This embroidery is a variation on the bulk embroidery. The main difference is that Brazilian embroidery is embroidered in viscose. The Brazilian embroidery technique is dominated by floral, fruity and animal motifs - bright, colourful and vivid.


Embroidery with special materials.


sequin embroidery

Ribbon Beadwork

Beadwork for outfits, handbags, cosmetics, hats and just plain dressy clothes, and embroidered images.

  • Decorate clothes, bags and outfits with sequins.
  • Rhinestones are widely used in the decoration of clothes, costumes for performances, handbags, handbags.
  • Like beads, sequins and rhinestones used for embellishment and embroidery as well as for creating fringes.

To make the best use of canvases for embroidery, ribbons are available in a variety of colours: silk, satin, nylon and even corrugated. Tapestry needles need a wide handle with a blunt end.

One of the most beautiful and intricate embroideries comes from ancient China. The master at the time used 'needles as thin as hair'. The elegant double-sided embroidery looks the same on both sides.

silk embroidery

wool embroidery

embroidery hook

Wool appliqué embroidery

Using a special embroidery needle and wool, by combining different stitches, you can easily and quickly embroider beautiful three-dimensional images and decorate clothes. Using ordinary hooks and thread, bags, napkins and tablecloths can be decorated, as well as make-up patterns or colours. Metallic yarns made from polyester and braided with fine wire or thick but flexible foil. This is why they are often stitched on top of fabric, decorating clothes, bags, purses. Grouping pieces of upholstery-based fabric with different stitches or cords makes it possible to decorate clothes, handbags.

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